These are some of the questions that I am pondering about:

Why did consciousness evolve?
If it did evolve, it seems to be for some evolutionary purpose (Chris Frith and David P. Barash).

What makes a scientific idea revolutionary, such as Darwin’s evolution or Einstein’s space-time?
What are the attributes of a great scientific idea?

How do emergent properties arise?
For example,

“the leafcutter ant is a species that exhibits highly complex behavior in a colony super-organism, but each individual ant operates on a set of simple rules driven by social interaction and the exchange of chemical scents (pheromones).” (Mastering Bitcoin by Andreas M. Antonopoulos)

Is humanity becoming a superorganism?
Gaia Vince proposes that humanity is transforming into Homni (Homo omnis) a dominant force shaping our planet, which is a phenomenon that some scientists describe as an era of anthropocene. (Check also this discussion and answers on Quora).


Fascinating and thought-provoking annual questions by

What scientific concept would improve everybody’s cognitive toolkit? (source)